The Power of the Quick Turn

Ken, turning-in hard and precisely. www.owenstrackdayphotos.com

Ken, turning-in hard and precisely.
www.owenstrackdayphotos.com

Most motorcycle riders initiate lean in a somewhat lazy manner. In most cornering situations and at normal street speeds it is perfectly fine to gradually ease into a corner with light pressure on the handlebars. But, when the pace picks up and the corners become less predictable, a sluggish, indecisive turn-in will cause you to run wide at corner exits. The ability to turn quickly gives you a survival tool for managing misjudged corners while also increasing an overall sense of control and confidence. Booya!

Cornering 101

Before we get into quick turning technique, you must understand the basics of how a motorcycle changes direction. Motorcycles must lean to turn. Leaning is done primarily by introducing countersteering pressure on the handlebar: press forward/down on the handlebar on the side in which you want to turn.

Not sure you understand countersteering? Read This Article NOW. FYI, you can quicken steering by pushing on the inside handlebar while also pulling on the opposite bar.

How Quicker Turns Help

Turning the motorcycle within a shorter distance and period of time gets the bike to change direction early. The quicker the bike is leaned, the earlier the direction change is completed, which affords you a greater margin of error to handle a misjudged turn radius or a slightly overspeed entry. Look at the diagram and you’ll also see that a quicker turn-in means you are not leaned over as long.

Another benefit of a quick turn is that it allows the bike to reach maximum necessary lean angle before or at the turn apex (the innermost part of the corner), which means that you can get on the gas sooner for both greater corner stability (bikes like being under drive when cornering) and greater exit speed (for you performance riders): Tip-in and then crack the throttle.

A quicker turn allows early direction change and less risk of an on-throttle highside.

A quicker turn allows early direction change and less risk time at full lean angle.

A delayed apex requires a delayed, quick turn-in.

A delayed apex requires a delayed, quick turn-in.

Quick Turns and Cornering Lines

The quick turn technique can be used for most, but not all corners. Some corners are laid out so that a gentle, sweeping entry is best. But, most other corners benefit from a quick turn, especially turns we call “exit” turns that require a slower entry and an early drive out of the corner.

A quick turn is also useful as a way to achieve a delayed apex cornering line. Delaying turn-in by a half-second or so keeps you outside a bit longer at the turn entry for a wider angle of view and points the motorcycle toward the turn exit, rather than toward the outside edge of the lane. Novice riders often dive for the inside of a corner as they react to anxiety about not being able to make the turn. This can easily result in an early apex and a blown exit. Ouch!

Instead, wait for it, wait for it…okay, turn, NOW.

Quick Turning and Traction

As you might imagine, giving the handlebar a good shove introduces an abrupt force to the front tire. That’s why you want to limit using the quick turning technique when traction is limited, such as on wet or contaminated pavement. A quick turn uses more traction at the beginning of the turn, but uses less at the apex and exit. Even though more traction is used when turning quickly, good tires in dry conditions have more than enough grip to handle the extra force.

To minimize the risk of tucking the front tire, you must get most of your braking done and start easing off the brakes before you introduce forceful handlebar inputs. However, it is beneficial to maintain some front brake force as you countersteer, which compresses the front suspension and loads the front tire for more rapid turning response. Ideally, you would release the brakes a split-moment after you press on the handlebars.

I’m talking about releasing the brakes almost immediately after initiating lean. If you want to maintain braking pressure longer (trailbraking), then you’re better off not turning in quickly. To manage traction while trailbraking your turn-in must be gradual, because you’re combining both turning forces and brake forces.

Timing & Intensity

A well-timed quick turn should result in a single handlebar input that establishes necessary lean angle and allows immediate throttle application (very gradual at first).

Turning in too hard and/or too early could result in the motorcycle hitting the inside of the curve. To prevent this, you will need to delay turn-in from where you would begin to turn for a slow turn-in. To fine-tune how rapidly the bike turns in, you can also reduce how hard you press on the handlebars. The harder you press, the more rapidly the bike will fall into the lean.

Practice the quick turn technique in a parking lot. And then apply it on your next ride.

Practice the quick turn technique in a parking lot. And then apply it on your next ride.

NOW is the Time!

I don’t care if you ride a GSXR on the racetrack or a Harley on the street, you must master the quick turn technique NOW. Being able to use immediate, authoritative handlebar pressure gives you a MUCH better chance of surviving a too fast corner entry. Learning the quick turning technique will allow you to get the bike turned early and efficiently and minimize the chance that you will panic and grab the brakes or run wide into the oncoming lane or off the pavement. Don’t delay! This just might happen on your very next ride!

Learning to turn quickly isn’t difficult, but it does require excellent countersteering skills and precise timing. Turning quicker also requires more forceful handlebar pressure and the trust that the tires will stick under the stress of more forceful handlebar inputs. Practice is what will convince your mind and muscles of the power of the quick turn. Do it!


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Ken is author of "Motorcycling the Right Way” and "Riding in the Zone" (book and blog). He is also the "Street Savvy" columnist for Motorcyclist Magazine, and former longtime author of the Proficient Motorcycling and Street Strategies columns for Motorcycle Consumer News. Ken is Lead Instructor for Tony's Track Days, a 20 year Motorcycle Safety Foundation instructor, and owner of Riding in the Zone Motorcyclist Training.

Posted in All Things Motorcycle, Motorcycle Safety, Riding Technique & Tips Tagged with: , , , , ,
6 comments on “The Power of the Quick Turn
  1. Matthias says:

    If you use body positioning (shove your behind to the inside of the turn, turn head and shoulders into the turn – “kiss the mirror”) while still going straight, you’ll have to apply pressure on the outside handle bar to keep going straight approaching your turn. Yours and the bike’s center line will make a V-shape. When you reach your turn-in point, just release pressure on the outside handle bar and the bike (the entire “V”) will drop into the turn. Then commence countersteering to keep your line. Works like a charm, and for a given radius and speed, it’ll keep your lean angle lower.

  2. Daniel says:

    Very useful skills to have indeed. quick turning skills saved me from almost certainly rear ending someone one time…I got distracted looking left and traffic stopped in front of me abruptly, by the time I looked straight ahead again I was about 6 feet from the car in front of me….but using that same technique I very quickly dodged between the lanes. just got lucky I guess.

  3. steve berthiaume says:

    I’m wondering if the quick turn-in would also be applicable in slow-speed parking lot practice. I feel I could get my turns much tighter if I could lean a bit more, but because the turns are slower, it feels to me like I’m spending most of the time keeping the bike up, balancing between clutch, gas and rear brake. Maybe if just leaned it over more aggressively using the above tips and drove through the turn I’d get my radii tighter.

  4. Jenn Roenfranz says:

    Dear Ken,

    I just now signed up to your Riding In the Zone blog. I can’t believe I waited too long to do so. There is a wealth of information here that I could have been using. This particular topic, The Power of the Quick Turn would have been really useful for me at the recent Thompson Speedway track day. My “lazy turn” (as what Tony described I was doing), tentativeness or lack of confidence, bad timing were some of the causes of my difficulties taking on Turn 1 and 4.

    I’d be sure to study/understand the principles better and do my best to practice before the next track day.

    Thank you,
    Jenn

  5. Marc says:

    Ken, talking about Quick Turn hits the spot. Just wrote down my thoughts, feel free to correct or add to it:

    Reference points –> Quick Turn –> early on the throttle

    I understand a quick turn will enable you to get on the throttle earlier, first to stabilize the bike and then accelerate. When I feel that I can’t get on the gas immediately after the turn, because the bike is still turning and not yet pointed correctly; I need to slow down, acknowledge I can do better and adjust my RPs when entering the corner in the next lap (there is so much fun riding the track, this is easier said than done).

    The easiest corners: 90 degree or less, positive camber, apex and exit visible from turn-in, are the “sesame street” of cornering; the Reference Points are visible and intuitive. So many corners are designed with a challenge that limits the visibility of the apex from turn-in point, a lack of clarity impedes decisive action such as a quick turn-in.

    So what went wrong at the turn-in point? Before arriving at the turn-in point, did I spot the apex (or next RP) and feel confident, or did I feel unsure and waiting for my next RP to become visible? It takes a good portion of a second for the neo-cortex to process info, you need to feed it sufficient reference points early enough so it can visualize your line, only then I’ll be convinced at the turn-in point is the place and time for a decisive bar input (quick turn).

  6. Jeffrey Meyers says:

    Good stuff Ken! I will be working on this at Thompson this weekend.

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